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dice: Calculate probabilities of various dice-rolling events

This package provides utilities to calculate the probabilities of various dice-rolling events, such as the probability of rolling a four-sided die six times and getting a 4, a 3, and either a 1 or 2 among the six rolls (in any order); the probability of rolling two six-sided dice three times and getting a 10 on the first roll, followed by a 4 on the second roll, followed by anything but a 7 on the third roll; or the probabilities of each possible sum of rolling five six-sided dice, dropping the lowest two rolls, and summing the remaining dice.